## Description

ECE 302: Electronic Circuits is 3-credit course taught at Michigan State University for Electrical and Computer Engineering majors. * The catalog description for this course is: Volt-ampere characteristics of diodes and transistors. Modeling using SPICE software. Differential, multistage, and integrated circuit amplifiers. High frequency effects. *The prerequisite for this course is ECE 202. There is a co-requisite of the companion lab course ECE 303.

The companion textbooks used in this course are :

Schubert & Kim, Fundamentals of Electronics, Books 1-3, Morgan & Claypool, 2014

(Revised version of Active and Non-Linear Electronics, Wiley, 1996 (Reprint 2004 ))

J. O. Attia, PSpice and MATLAB for Electronics, CRC Press, 2010

(M. Rashid, Intro. To PSpice Using Orcad for Circuits and Electronics, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004 – out of print)

**Table of Contents**

Chapter 2: Diode Characteristics and Circuits

2.1 Basic Functional Requirements of an Ideal Diode

Piecewise Linear Model, Transition Point, Assumed States for Analysis, Strategy for Guessing States

2.2 Semiconductor Diode V-I Relationship

Physics of the P-N Junction, Shockley Equation, Approximations, Dynamic Resistance

2.3 Diode as a Circuit Element

Transcendental Equation, SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, Effects of Temperature

2.4 Load Lines

Graphical Solutions to Static Circuits, Inspection Short Cut, Graphical Solutions of Circuits with Time-Varying Sources

2.5 Simplified Piecewise Linear Model

2.6 Diode Applications

Positive Clipper with SPICE Evaluation, Negative Clipper with SPICE Evaluation, Double Clipper with SPICE Evaluation, Half-Wave Rectifier with SPICE Evaluation, Full-Wave Rectifier with SPICE Evaluation, Filtered Full-Wave Rectifier with SPICE Evaluation, Transformers, Peak Detectors, Clamping Circuits, Voltage Multiplier, Or-Gate, And-Gate

2.7 Zener Diode and Applications

Piecewise Linear Model, Shunt Regulator, Design – Cigarette Lighter Adapter for a CD Player, SPICE Evaluation

Chapter 2: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 3: Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) Characteristics

3.1 BJT V-I Relationships

NPN BJT, Physical Operation in the Active Region, Physical Operation in the Cut-Off Region, Physical Operation in the Saturation Region, Physical Operataion in the Inverse-Active Region, PNP BJT, Ebers-Moll Equations, SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer

3.4 Modeling of the BJT in its Regions of Operation

Active, Saturation, Cut-Off, Inverse-Active, Inverse-Saturated, Inverse Cut-Off, Edge-of-Saturation, Edge-of-Cut-Off, Edge-of-Saturation Reverse, Edge-of-Cut-Off-Reverse

3.2 The BJT as a Circuit Element

Assumed States Analysis, Strategies for Guessing the State of an NPN (PNP) BJT, Load-Line Approach, Ebers-Moll Approach

3.6 Biasing the BJT

Fixed Bias Circuit, Emitter Bias Circuit with Two Supplies, Emitter Bias Circuit with One Supply, Emitter Bias Circuit Design, Biasing PNP Transistors

3.5 Digital Electronic Applications

Resistor-Transistor Logic Gates, Logic Level Diagram, Fanout, Nor-Gate, Step Response of an RL (RC) Circuit, Switching Inductive Loads, Damping Diode, SPICE Evaluation, Switching Capacitive Loads, SPICE Evaluation

Chapter 3: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 5: Single Transistor Amplifiers

5.2 BJT Low-Frequency Models

Definition of Small Signal, Small-Signal Analysis Algorithm Small-Signal Model for an NPN, PNP BJT and a diode

5.3 Common-Emitter Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance, SPICE Verification

5.4 Common-Collector (Emitter Follower) Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance

5.5 Common-Base Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance

Chapter 5: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 6: Multiple-Transistor Amplifiers

6.1 Using Simple Stages Cascaded

Common-Emitter Common-Emitter Amplifier

6.3 Differential Pairs

Bartlett’s Bisection Theorem, Basic Differential Amplifier, Differential Gain, Common-Mode Gain, Input Resistance, Common-Mode Rejection Ratio, Current Source Biasing

Chapter 6 Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 10: Frequency Response of Transistor Amplifiers

10.X Departure from Ideal Diode Performance

Depletion Capacitance, Diffusion Capacitance, SPICE Parameters of a Diode, AC Model of a Diode, SPICE Testing of V-I Characteristics

10.Y Departure from Ideal Transistor Performance

SPICE Parameters of a BJT, AC Model of a BJT, SPICE Testing of V-I Characteristics, Measuring Low Frequency AC Parameters, AC Model for a BJT (Giacoletto Model)

10.6 High-Frequency Amplifiers

Wideband Common-Emitter Amplifier, SPICE Evaluation, Short Circuit

Time Constants, Open Circuit Time Constants, Loading Effects on

Bandwidth Chapter 10 Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 4: Field-Effect Transistor Characteristics

4.1 Junction Field-Effect Transistors (JFETs)

N-Channel JFET, Physical Operation in Cut-Off and Ohmic Region, Physical Operation in Saturation, Character Curves and Equations, P-Channel JFET

4.2 Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs)

Enhancement N-Channel MOSFET, Physical Operation in Cut-Off and Ohmic Region, Physical Operation in Saturation, Character Curves and Equations, Enhancement P-Channel MOSFET, FET – BJT Analogy

4.3 FET as a Circuit Element

JFET SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, MOSFET SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, The JFET as a Voltage-Controlled Resistance with SPICE Verification, The JFET as a Current Source with SPICE Verification

4.6 Biasing the FET

Fixed-Bias Circuit, Self-Bias Circuit, Fixed-Plus Self-Bias Circuit

4.3 FET as a Circuit Element

NMOS Inverter with a Pull-Up Resistor, NMOS Inverter with Capacitive Loads, CMOS Inverter, SPICE Transfer Curves, CMOS NOR-Gate, CMOS NAND-Gate, CMOS Transmission- Gate, Bulk-Pin Potential

5.7 FET Low-Frequency Models

Definition of Small Signal, Small-Signal Analysis Algorithm, Small-Signal Model for an N- and P- Channel JEFT, Small-Signal Model for an N- and P- Channel MOSFET

5.8 The Common-Source Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance, Comparison of a Common-Source Amplifier and a Common- Emitter Amplifier

6.1 Using Simple Stages Cascaded

Broadband Amplifier: Common-Source Common-Base Amplifier

Chapter 4 Supplemental Problems and Solutions

Chapter 7: Power Amplifiers and Output Stages

7.1 Power Amplifier Classification

Class A, Total Harmonic Distortion, SPICE Measurement, Efficiency

7.3 Complementary Pair Power Booster (Class B Amplifier)

Efficiency, Distortion, SPICE Verification

7.4 Class AB Power Amplifiers

15-Watt Power Amplifier

7.6 Thermal Considerations