## Description

ECE 302: Electronic Circuits is 3-credit course taught at Michigan State University for Electrical and Computer Engineering majors. * The catalog description for this course is: Volt-ampere characteristics of diodes and transistors. Modeling using SPICE software. Differential, multistage, and integrated circuit amplifiers. High frequency effects. *The prerequisite for this course is ECE 202. There is a co-requisite of the companion lab course ECE 303.

The companion textbooks used in this course are :

Schubert & Kim, Fundamentals of Electronics, Books 1-3, Morgan & Claypool, 2014

(Revised version of Active and Non-Linear Electronics, Wiley, 1996 (Reprint 2004 ))

J. O. Attia, PSpice and MATLAB for Electronics, CRC Press, 2010

(M. Rashid, Intro. To PSpice Using Orcad for Circuits and Electronics, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004 – out of print)

**Table of Contents**

Chapter 2: Diode Characteristics and Circuits

2.1 Basic Functional Requirements of an Ideal Diode

Piecewise Linear Model, Transition Point, Assumed States for Analysis, Strategy for Guessing States

2.2 Semiconductor Diode V-I Relationship

Physics of the p-n Junction, Shockley Equation, Approximations, Dynamic Resistance, Small-Signal Model, Small-Signal Analysis Algorithm, Voltage-Controlled Attenuator

2.3 Diode as a Circuit Element

Transcendental Equation, SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, Effects of Temperature

2.4 Load Lines

Graphical Solutions to Static Circuits, Inspection Short Cut

2.5 Simplified Piecewise Linear Model

Approximating Non-Linear Curves

2.6 Diode Applications

Positive Clipper with Pspice Evaluation, Negative Clipper with Pspice Evaluation, Double Clipper with Pspice Evaluation, Half-Wave Rectifier with Pspice Evaluation, Full-Wave Rectifier with Pspice Evaluation, Filtered Full-Wave Rectifier with Pspice Evaluation, Averaging in Pspice, Breakdown Voltage, Current Surge, Transformers, Power Supply Design Formulas, Peak Detectors, Positive Clamp, Negative Clamp, Voltage Multiplier, OR Gate, AND Gate

2.7 Zener Diode and Applications

Piecewise Linear Model, Shunt Regulator, Design – Cigarette Lighter Adapter for a CD Player, Filtered Full-Wave Rectifier with Shunt Regulator and Pspice Evaluation

Chapter 2: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S2.1, S2.2, S2.3, S2.4) Black Boxes, S2.5, S2.6) Log and Anti-Log Amplifiers, S2.7, S2.8) Digital Thermometer Design, S2.9, S2.10) Light Emitting Diode Models, S2.11) Overvoltage Indicator, S2.12) Battery Charger, S2.13) Reverse Polarity Protection, S2.14) Graphical Transfer Curves, S2.15) Power Supply Design for a Portable Stereo, S2.16) Filtered Full-Wave Rectified Power Supply Using a Center-Tapped Transformer, S2.17) Dual Complementary Power Supply, S2.18) Quadrupler Design, S2.19) SPICE Quadrupler Simulation, S2.20) Quadrupler Redesign, S2.21) Clock Radio Battery Backup, S2.22) Non-Linear Parallel Combinations, S2.23) Speaker Burnout Prevention Design, S2.24) Graphical Analysis of a Zener Diode Voltage Regulator

Chapter 3: Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) Characteristics

3.1 BJT V-I Relationships

NPN BJT, Physical Operation in the Active Region, Physical Operation in the Cut-Off Region, Physical Operation in the Saturation Region, Physical Operation in the Inverse-Active Region, PNP BJT, Ebers-Moll Equations, SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer

3.4 Modeling of the BJT in its Regions of Operation

Active, Saturation, Cut-Off, Edge-of-Saturation, Edge-of-Cut-Off, Inverse Mode

3.2 The BJT as a Circuit Element

Assumed States Analysis, Strategies for Guessing the State of an NPN (PNP) BJT, Load-Line Approach, Ebers-Moll Approach

3.6 Biasing the BJT

Fixed Bias Circuit, Emitter Bias Circuit with One Supply, Emitter Bias Circuit Design, Biasing PNP Transistors

3.5 Digital Electronic Applications

Resistor-Transistor Logic Gates, Logic Level Diagram, Fanout, NOR-Gate, Step Response of an RL [RC] Circuit, Switching Inductive Loads, Damping Diode, Pspice Evaluation, Switching Capacitive Loads, Pspice Evaluation

Chapter 3: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S3.1) NPN Amplifier Repair, S3.2) PNP Amplifier Repair, S3.3) BJT Current Mirror, S3.4) Ebers-Moll SPICE Model, S3.5, S3.6, S3.7, S3.8) Inverse-Active Model, S3.9) Inverse-Saturation Model, S3.10) Inverse-Cut-Off Model, S3.11) Inverse-Edge Models, S3.12, S3.13) Bootstrapped Complementary Feedback Pair, S3.14) Constant-Current Generator, S3.15) NPN Biasing, S3.16) Zener Diode Biasing, S3.17) PNP Four Resistor Biasing, S3.18) Cigarette Lighter Adapter for a CD Player – Revisted, S3.19) Power Supply Design for a Portable Stereo – Revisited, S3.20) RTL NAND Gate, S3.21) RTL Flip-Flop, S3.22) BJT H-Bridge Motor-Reversal Circuit

Chapter 4: Field-Effect Transistor Characteristics

4.1 Junction Field-Effect Transistors (JFETs)

n-Channel JFET, Physical Operation in Ohmic and Cut-Off Regions, Physical Operation in Saturation, Characteristic Curves and Equations, p-Channel JFET

4.2 Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs)

Enhancement n-Channel MOSFET, Physical Operation in Cut-Off and Ohmic Region, Physical Operation in Saturation, Character Curves and Equations, Enhancement p-Channel MOSFET, FET – BJT Analogy

4.3 FET as a Circuit Element

JFET SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, MOSFET SPICE Model Parameters, Software Curve Tracer, The JFET as a Voltage-Controlled Resistance with Pspice Verification, The JFET as a Current Source with Pspice Verification

4.6 Biasing the FET

Fixed-Bias Circuit, Self-Bias Circuit, Fixed-Plus Self-Bias Circuit

4.3 FET as a Circuit Element

NMOS Inverter with a Pull-Up Resistor, NMOS Inverter with Capacitive Loads, CMOS Inverter, Pspice Transfer Curves, CMOS NOR Gate, CMOS NAND Gate, CMOS Transmission Gate, Bulk-Pin Potential

Chapter 4: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S4.1) 2N5486 n-Channel JFET, S4.2) 2N5462 p-Channel JFET, S4.3, S4.4, S4.5) Automatic Volume Control, S4.6) CMOS Current Mirror, S4.7) CMOS Voltage Divider, S4.8) JFET Biasing, S4.9) p-Channel JFET Biasing Design, S4.10) n-Channel MOSFET Biasing Design, S4.11) Off After Time Delay Alarm, S4.12) Inductive Switching Without a Damping Diode, S4.13) MOSFET H-Bridge Motor-Reversal Circuit, S4.14) CMOS Logic Circuit Without Using NOR or NAND Gates

Chapter 5: Single Transistor Amplifiers

5.2 BJT Low-Frequency Models

Definition of Small-Signal, Small-Signal Model for an NPN and PNP BJT

5.3 Common-Emitter Amplifier

Small-Signal Analysis Algorithm, Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance, Pspice Verification

5.4 Common-Collector (Emitter Follower) Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance

5.5 Common-Base Amplifier

Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance

5.7 FET Low-Frequency Models

Definition of Small-Signal, Small-Signal Model for an n- and p- Channel JEFT, Small-Signal Model for an n- and p- Channel MOSFET

5.8 The Common-Source Amplifier

Small-Signal Analysis Algorithm, Voltage Gain, Input Impedance, Current Gain, Power Gain, Output Impedance, Comparison of a Common-Source Amplifier and a Common- Emitter Amplifier

Chapter 5: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S5.1, S5.2, S5.3) Crystal Microphone Preamplifier, S5.4) JFET Source Follower, S5.5) JFET Common-Gate Amplifier, S5.6

Chapter 6: Multiple-Transistor Amplifiers

6.3 Differential Pairs

Bartlett’s Bisection Theorem, Basic Differential Amplifier, Differential Gain, Differential-Mode Input Resistance, Common-Mode Gain, Common-Mode Input Resistance, Common-Mode Rejection Ratio, Two-Stage Differential Amplifier with Current Source Biasing, MC1530 Op-Amp

Chapter 6: Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S6.1) 3-Terminal Voltage Sources, S6.2) T-Equivalent Circuit with Source Resistances, S6.3, S6.4) JET Differential Amplifier, S6.5) CMOS Differential Amplifier

Chapter 10: Frequency Response of Transistor Amplifiers

10.4.1 Modeling a p-n Junction at High Frequencies

Depletion Capacitance, Diffusion Capacitance, SPICE Parameters of a Diode, AC Model of a Diode, Pspice Testing of V-I Characteristics

10.4 High-Frequency Model of a BJT

SPICE Parameters of a BJT, Pspice Testing of V-I Characteristics, Measuring Low Frequency AC Parameters, AC Model for a BJT (Giacoletto Model)

10.6 High-Frequency Response of a BJT Amplifier

Wideband Common-Emitter Amplifier, Pspice Evaluation, Short-Circuit

Time Constants, Open-Circuit Time Constants, Loading Effects of Measurement on Bandwidth

10.7 High-Frequency Model of a JFET

SPICE Parameters of a JFET, Pspice Testing of V-I Characteristics, AC Model for a JFET

10.8 High-Frequency Response of a JFET Amplifier

Wideband Common-Source Amplifier, Pspice Evaluation

10.X High-Frequency Model of a MOSFET

SPICE Parameters of a MOSFET, Pspice Testing of V-I Characteristics, AC Model for a MOSFET

10.Y High-Frequency Response of a MOSFET Amplifier

Wideband Common-Source Amplifier, Pspice Evaluation

Chapter 10 Supplemental Problems and Solutions

S10.1, S10.2, S10.3, S10.4) Short-Circuit Time Constant Proof, S10.5, S10.6) Open-Circuit Time Constant Proof, S10.7) Microphone Amplifier